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The inflection -ed can indicate the past tense of a verb or the past participle of regular verbs (see also -ed participle).

For example:

  • Past tense: "I twisted the thread".
  • Participle:
    • "The door of the car was twisted in the crash", the past participle forming the passive voice.
    • "I have twisted my ankle", the past participle forming the perfect tense.
    • As a participial adjective, twisted describes a condition, as in |"He had a twisted neck.