Antony - Anthony
The forename Antony is best spelled that way, at least by traditionalists. The origin of the name is from that of the Roman gens (broadly, a family or tribe), the Antonii, one of whose members was the Mark Antony who is a central character in Shakespeare's Roman plays, notably Antony and Cleopatra. As there is no '-h-' in the regular Latin alphabet, there should be none in the English version; but there often is. In traditional British English RP, the '-h-' is never pronounced: the name is always IPA: /ˈænt ən ɪ/, 'ANT-en-i'. However, in many regions of the UK, the '-th-' is realised like that in 'think': IPA: /ˈænθ ən ɪ/, 'ANTH-en-i', and it seems to be the predominant pronunciation in the USA.
- According to Withycombe, (1950), "the intrusive h in the spelling Anthony was a late development, and seems not to appear before the late 12thC[entury]. It may have been the result of false etymologizing, for Camden (1605) derives the name from Greek [anthos]". In the fashion of the period, Withycombe adds magisterially, "The h is, of course, silent, but there is some danger nowadays of a spelling pronunciation (already in use in USA), and the older spelling is to be preferred" (AWE's emphases).