Bagehot

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The name of the writer Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) is pronounced 'BADGE--et' (IPA: /ˈbædʒ ət/, although other bearers of the surname pronounce it 'BAG-et', /ˈbæg ət/.

Walter Bagehot is best-known for his 1867 book on The English Constitution, first published in parts in the Fortnightly Review 1865-1867, in which he laid out his views on the great (unwritten) constitution, essentially of the United Kingdom. As the Second Reform Act was passed in 1867, Bagehot had to produce a second edition (1872). His work is still a fundamental introduction to British constitutional law, though its division of the constitution into two parts, the 'dignified' (at heart, the Crown) and the 'efficient' (Parliament and the cabinet, where the work of governing is done) is not the current picture: Bagehot felt, in an instinctively conservative way, that the elite should look after the people, who, in their uneducated way, could be kept from revolution by having their attention drawn to the theatre of their figureheads - the processions of the monarch in state, and so on. He was not drawn to democracy.