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'To beseech' is an irregular verb. Its forms are given here:

Base form past tense -ed participle Remarks
beseech besought or beseeched besought or beseeched This is a rare verb in Present-day English.
This is one of the "the 250 or so irregular verbs" listed in Quirk 1985. The list "contains most of the irregular verbs in present-day English ... but is not meant to be exhaustive, particularly with regard to derivative verbs." AWE has copied most of the entries in that list. The verb 'to beseech' belongs to Quirk's Class 3 B
OED notes that the form beseeched, recorded from the 16th century onwards, is "now regarded as incorrect"; Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary only records 'beseeched', and does not even mention besought. AWE recommends writers of academic English in Britain to use besought.
Etymological note: beseech is formed from the prefix be-, which intensifies the meaning of a verb, with the basic sense of 'thoroughly', and the Middle English verb secen, sechen, seken, which is the southern form of seek. OED notes: "In contrast to the simple vb., in which the northern seek has displaced the southern seech, in the compound beseech has become the standard form.seech." This is an illustration of the difference caused by the contributions to modern English made by two Germanic languages. Although Old English and Old Norse (the language of the Vikings) are very similar, Viking influence has lingered more strongly in the northern parts of Britain. This is one example of that variation.