Dukeries

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The Dukeries is a name for a district of England.

  • It is a part of Nottinghamshire where four ducal families built great houses, and enclosed great parks, close to one another. (In part, this is because many were descended from one great territorial magnate, Bess of Hardwick.) The current ducal houses recorded in the area (with the names of the families that built them) are:
    • Clumber House (Cavendish, later Holles and Pelham family, Dukes of Newcastle: the title is now extinct)
    • Thoresby Hall (Pierrepoint family, Dukes of Kingston-upon-Hull 1715-1773; later, (1806-1955) Earls Manvers )
    • Welbeck Abbey (Bentinck family, later Cavendish-Bentinck family, Dukes of Portland 1715-1990)
    • Worksop Manor (Howard family, later Fitzalan-Howard, Dukes of Norfolk 1483-present)

Of these, Welbeck is the only one still owned by the family; Clumber House and most of Worksop Manor have been demolished. Thoresby Hall is now an hotel. The name The Dukeries became widely used on the discovery of a great coalfield, exploited from 1920.

  • In Hull, a group of streets to the west of Princes Avenue which have been largely named after these great estates is informally known as The Dukeries. They are:
    • Blenheim Street (Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, is the seat of the Churchill family, later Spencer, Dukes of Marlborough
    • Belvoir Street (Belvoir Castle in Leicestershire is the seat of the Manners family, Dukes of Rutland)
    • Clumber Street
    • Thoresby Street
    • Welbeck Street

They are crossed by two streets - with no houses - named after the estates of two other dukes: Hardwick and Chatsworth, and linked to Perth Street (not named for a house, but the Drummond family were Dukes of Perth), Newstead Street (Newstead Abbey was the seat of the Byron family (Barons since 1643, but not Dukes), and Wharncliffe Street (Wharncliffe Lodge is connected with thge Pierrepoint family of the Dukes of Kingston-upon-Hull, through Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.

Dukery is an old word, replaced nowadays by two others:

  • for the position or office of a Duke, which is now called a 'dukedom;
  • the land or estate owned by a Duke in virtue of his title. Nowadays, this is a duchy.