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EFL is the recognised abbreviation in the UK for 'English as a Foreign Language'. This is one of the streams in education for foreigners seeking to learn our language: teachers of such courses have trained in TEFL, 'Teaching English as a Foreign Language'.

There are differences of emphasis in ESOL, or 'English for Speakers of Other Languages' (and TESOL, or 'Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages'): TEFL is focused on teaching English in countries where is is not an everyday language (the learners' native countries), whereas TESOL is focussed on incomers to English-speaking countries. In the USA, the equivalent stream of teaching is known as ESL, 'English as a Second Language', with of course TESL to describe its teaching.