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Elizabeth is a woman's forename. It is Hebrew in origin: its popularity in Europe derives from Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, rather than its being the name of John the Baptist's mother, who is also called by some Christians Saint Elizabeth.

Many forms of Elizabeth exist, apart from the many short forms and pet names that have evolved. Isabel or Isobel, Ysobel, Isabella and/or Isabelle is one form, in many variants, that is now almost always used as a forename in its own right. Other alternative forms of Elizabeth include Elsie, Elsa and Elspeth. The spelling in many European languages is Elisabeth, and other forms include Bettina and Liesl in German, and Élise, Lisette and Babette in French.

The adjective Elizabethan, meaning 'to do with Elizabeth', is usually applied to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.