Fungus

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In academic English the preferred plural of fungus is fungi (see -us in Latin). Those who know Latin pronounce the last vowel as '-EE'; but '-EYE is not uncommon. Colloquially, the plural is sometimes funguses. In all three forms, the '-g-' is 'hard'. This is a Latin word, like so many biological names of species, etc.

A fungus is a member of the family of organisms that includes, mushrooms, toadstools, moulds and yeasts. More polysyllabically it is defined by the American Heritage Dictionary as "Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which lack chlorophyll and vascular tissue and range in form from a single cell to a body mass of branched filamentous hyphae that often produce specialized fruiting bodies. The kingdom includes the yeasts, molds, smuts, and mushrooms." (fungus. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage ® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fungus (accessed: November 04, 2006).)