Hanover

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The Hanoverian dynasty ruled the United Kingdom from 1714, when George I succeeded Queen Anne, till Edward VII came to the throne in 1901, as the first monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He carried the family name of his father, Prince Albert.

George I, then the Elector of the German state of Hannover, had a claim to the throne of the Untied Kingdom through his mother Sophia Dorothea, a granddaughter of James VI and I. As his mother and he were protestants, they were named ahead of over fifty Catholic claimants in the Act of Settlement (1701) as the heirs apparent of Queen Anne. Sophia died died on 28 May 1714, and on Anne's death in August of that year), during fears of a Jacobite landing, George was proclaimed King of the Uniterd Kingdom.

Note that the German spelling for the family, the city and the former state, is Hannover, while the English spelling has a single '-n-', Hanover.

The monarchs of the Hanoverian dynasty are:

S
Name (and number) of monarch year of accession year of death or deposition Notes
George I 1714 1727 Anne's closest Protestant relative.
George II 1727 1760
George III 1760 1820 Lost the American colonies; reigned during the Napoleonic wars.
Famously mad. From 1810, under Regency of his son.
George IV 1820 1830 A famous Prince of Wales, The Prince Regent
William IV 1830 1837 'The sailor King'
Victoria 1837 1901 Married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1840, thereby ending the dynasty of Hanover.
Took additional title of Empress of India.