Hart - heart

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Hart and heart form one of the sets of homophones listed by the then Poet Laureate Robert Bridges.
(For more, see Bridges homophones). AWE has a category listing our articles on each of these.

Both Hart and heart are pronounced 'Hart' IPA: /hɑːrt/

The more common spelling in current English is heart, which is a common noun.

  • A hart was (but no longer is) a male deer, properly a red deer and specifically one of over five years in age.
    • Hart is also used as a name.
      • The surname Hart has been used, for example, by Captain Basil H. Liddell Hart (1895–1970), a military historian and strategist who argued for wars of movement, and thus the use of armoured formations and vehicles; Miranda Hart (born 1972), actor, writer and comedian; Moss Hart (1904–1961), American playwright; Tony (Norman Antony) Hart (1925–2009), artist and children's television presenter; Horace [Henry] Hart, (1840–1916), printer to OUP and formulator of Hart's Rules; Joe (Charles Joseph John) Hart (born 1987), English goalkeeper; and William S. (Surrey) Hart (1864–1946), star of silent western films. Hart was the forename of Hart Crane (1899–1932), the American poet (not to be confused with Stephen Crane (1871-1900), author of The Red Badge of Courage (1895)).
  • The heart is the muscular pump at the centre of an animal's system of the circulation of the blood. As such, 'heart' is often used figuratively to denote the centre of something, as in 'the heart of his speech was ...' and 'the heart of the matter'. Heartwood is the densest and hardest timber in a tree trunk, found in the centre of the log.
    • Heart has often been used as a metaphor or symbol, most frequently - as seen on every 14th February (St Valentine's Day) - as a symbol of love, or sexual attraction. This is when a young (or sentimental old) person will hope to find a sweetheart.