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The name of Louisiana, the state in the USA, is pronounced 'loo-ease-i-ANN-uh' (IPA: /luː ,iː zɪ 'æ nə/).

Louisiana is named after King Louis XIV, who was on the French throne when the area was first being colonized by Europeans. The name remained when the USA, under President Thomas Jefferson, acquired the territory from France, under the Emperor Napoleon, under the Louisiana Purchase, of 1803, for $15 million.
The pronunciation of two place-names in the USA other than Louisiana which are derived from the forename Louis may give trouble to speakers of British English: you may also want to see AWE's notes on Louisville and Saint Louis. The name of Louisburg, or Louisbourg, which is borne by many smaller towns in Canada and the USA, is usually pronounced 'LOO-iss-berg', /'luː ɪs ,bɜːrg /. The derivation of the Louisburgs in Nova Scotia, Canada, and North Carolina (USA) is from Louis XVI. The Louisburg in Kansas, USA, was formerly called New St. Louis or Little St. Louis, and so is indirectly named after Louis IX. The king referred to by others, such as the Louisburgs in Miami, Minnesota, Missouri and Florida is unclear.