Pros and cons
The colloquial expression pros and cons is best avoided in academic writing. It is an informal way of saying "the points for and the points against" (for example, an argument, policy or proposal); "the advantages and disadvantages" (of a course of action); or "the merits and demerits" (of, for example, a case). Many other contrasting pairs can be used.
Nevertheless, you will see 'pros and cons' used quite often.