Queen Anne

From Hull AWE
Jump to: navigation, search
For a note on the name, see Anne. There is also a page on Saint Anne.

Queen Anne was the last Stuart monarch.

Born 1665; married (1683) Prince George of Denmark (1653-1708); succeeded her brother-in-law William III in 1702; died 1714; succeeded by her Protestant cousin George I.

Anne, whose father James VII and II and sister Mary II had ruled during her lifetime, as well as Mary's husband and cousin William, provided stability after the turbulent century which had seen the Civil War and the Glorious Revolution. A member of the Church of England from birth, she did not support her father after the 'Glorious Revolution' (1688). Her reign was marked by the Act of Union 1707, by which England and Scotland were amalgamated into the United Kingdom, and at home by the development of a political system marked by two parties (Whigs and Tories); abroad by the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714) and the victories of the first Duke of Marlborough (John Churchill, 1650-1722) at Blenheim (1702), which gave his name to the great Palace built for him; Ramillies (1704); Oudenarde (1708); and Malplaquet (1709). His wife, Sarah (Jenyns, 1660-1744), was her great friend and intimate influence over her: they corresponded for years under the names of Mrs Morley (the queen) and Mrs Freeman, gossiping and managing affairs of state. Their final breach was in 1711: the Duchess was replaced as court favourite by Abigail Masham (née Hill), her cousin. Queen Anne left Britain a calmer and more civilized country, having guaranteed a Protestant succession and a constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy.
Queen Anne's Lace is the common English name given to various plants, all in the umbelliferae genus, especially cow parsley, Anthriscus sylvestris. All have sprays of small white flowers on radiating stalks, or umbels on top of hollow stems bearing fern-like leaves.


A rather old-fashioned expression to mean 'Everyone knows that', 'that's not news' is "Queen Anne's dead."