The name Salome is traditionally pronounced in English with the stress on the second syllable, with the '-a-' as in 'that' and the '-o-' as in 'Oh': 'sal-OH-me', IPA: /sæl ˈəʊm ə (or ɪ)/. Some speakers of German stress the first syllable, in which the 's-' is voiced: 'ZAL-oh-me', IPA: /ˈzæ lom e/. (In French, the name is written with an acute accent on the final '-é', as Salomé; in Italian with a grave accent, as Salomè.)
- The most famous bearer of the name was the daughter of Herodias who asked for - and received - the head of John the Baptist (Mark 6:17–29 and Matthew 14:3–11).
- She is the subject of a play by Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), originally written in French (as Salomé), 1891, translated into English by Lord Alfred Douglas in 1894 (as Salome).
- A German translation of the French text was used as the basis for an opera, Salome, Op. 54, by Richard Strauss (1864–1949), which was first performed in 1905
- Antoine Mariotte (1875–1944) wrote an opera Salomé with a French libretto which was first performed in 1908, and not very often after that - unlike the Strauss.
- Salome has also been the subject of several ballets, many poems and songs, and much visual art.