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A senate is a legislative council or assembly. In those countries in which the legislature is bicameral, i.e., has two chambers or houses, the upper chamber is often called the Senate. A member of a Senate is usually known as a senator. The word comes from the Latin senātus, ‘Senate’, from senex, ‘old’.

The ‘original’ senate was the Senate of ancient Rome – for which see Senate (Roman); and for senates in the contemporary world see Senate (Contemporary).