Difference between revisions of "Aristocrat (pronunciation)"

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The [[abstract noun|abstract]] and [[collective noun]] '''aristocracy''' is always pronounced with the stress on the third syllable: 'arr-ist-OCK-ress-y', /,æ rɪ 'stɒ krə sɪ/.
 
The [[abstract noun|abstract]] and [[collective noun]] '''aristocracy''' is always pronounced with the stress on the third syllable: 'arr-ist-OCK-ress-y', /,æ rɪ 'stɒ krə sɪ/.
  
[[Etymology|Etymological note]]: The English words ‘'''aristocracy'''’ and ‘'''aristocrat'''('''ic''')’ come, through French, from the [[Greek]] ἀριστοκρατία (''aristokratia'', ‘rule of the best’), a compound [[noun]] from ἄριστος (''aristos'', ‘best-born, best’) and κρατεῖν (''kratein'', ‘to rule’).   
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::[[Etymology|Etymological note]]: The English words ‘'''aristocracy'''’ and ‘'''aristocrat'''('''ic''')’ come, through French, from the [[Greek]] ἀριστοκρατία (''aristokratia'', ‘rule of the best’), a compound [[noun]] from ἄριστος (''aristos'', ‘best-born, best’) and κρατεῖν (''kratein'', ‘to rule’).  See further [[Words ending -(o)cracy]].
  
 
[[Category:pronunciation]]
 
[[Category:pronunciation]]
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[[Category:Shift of stress]]
 
[[Category:Shift of stress]]
 
[[Category:Etymology]]
 
[[Category:Etymology]]
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[[Category:French words]]
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Greek words

Revision as of 16:18, 28 July 2021

The noun aristocrat is pronounced in traditional British RP academic circles with the stress on the first syllable: 'ARR-ist-er-crat', /'æ rɪ stə ,kræt/, whereas in standard American pronunciation, which is increasingly to be heard in Britain, the stress is on the second syllable: 'er-IST-er-crat', /ə 'rɪ stə ,kræt/. (This reflects the original coinage of the word, in revolutionary France around 1789: the French, too, places the stress on the second syllable.)

The adjective aristocratic is pronounced with the stress on the fourth syllable, 'arr-ist-er-KRAT-ik', /,æ rɪ stə 'kræt ɪk/.

The abstract and collective noun aristocracy is always pronounced with the stress on the third syllable: 'arr-ist-OCK-ress-y', /,æ rɪ 'stɒ krə sɪ/.

Etymological note: The English words ‘aristocracy’ and ‘aristocrat(ic)’ come, through French, from the Greek ἀριστοκρατία (aristokratia, ‘rule of the best’), a compound noun from ἄριστος (aristos, ‘best-born, best’) and κρατεῖν (kratein, ‘to rule’). See further Words ending -(o)cracy.

Greek words