Difference between revisions of "Joan"

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(New page: There are two forenames written '''Joan''' . Both are derived, in different ways, from John. *The English forename '''Joan''' is a female forename. It is a woman's equivalent o...)
 
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There are two [[forename]]s written '''Joan''' . Both are derived, in different ways, from [[John]].
 
There are two [[forename]]s written '''Joan''' . Both are derived, in different ways, from [[John]].
*The English [[forename]] '''Joan''' is a female forename. It is a woman's equivalent of [[John]], from which it is derived. Its earlier form was '''Johanna'''; by a not unusual process of [[elision]], this became '''Joanna''', and eventually '''Joan'''. '''Jane''' and the Scots [[Jean]] are both forms of this.
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*The English [[forename]] '''Joan''' is a female forename. It is pronounced as it looks, to a native speaker of English, as if it ends with the word 'own': 'jone', {{IPA|dʒəʊn}}. '''Joan''' is a woman's equivalent of [[John]], from which it is derived. Its earlier form was '''Johanna''',formed from [[Latin]] ''Johannus'' + the [[feminine]] ending '''''-a'''''; by a not unusual process of [[elision]], this became '''Joanna''', and eventually '''Joan'''. '''Jane''' and the Scots [[Jean]] are both forms of this. Many famous women in the medieval British Isles were called '''Joan''', such as '''Joan of Kent''', the [[Black Prince]]'s wife, and two Scottish queens: Joan Beaufort (d. 1445), [[British royal consorts by name|consort]] of [[King James#James I (of Scotland)|James I]] and '''Joan 'of the Tower'''<nowiki>'</nowiki> (1321-1362), consort of David II. '''[[Saint Joan]]''' famously was '''Joan of Arc''', or, in French, '''Jeanne d'Arc''', the nationalist warrior peasant. There is a persistent legend, untrue, about a [[Pope Joan]].
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**Other female forms of the name John include '''Jane''', '''Johanna''' and '''Joanna'''; two that are more characteristically Scots, '''Janet''' and '''Jean'''; and the French equivalent '''Jeanne'''. The Scots [[Gaelic]] ''Sìne'' is spelled in English as it sounds, '''Sheena''', which should not be confused with [[Sheila]]. The Irish spelling is ''Séadna''.
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*The [[Catalan]] forename '''Joan''' is pronounced with a [[soft]] 'j-', like that in 'rouge', and a second vowel more like that in the Spanish [[Juan]] (with which it is [[cognate]]) than any English '-o-', other than [[diphthong]]s like 'soup', and the stress on the '-a-': 'zhoo-AN' ({{IPA|ʒʊ ˈan}}). The famous Catalan painter '''Mirò³''' is fully <nowiki>'</nowiki>'''Joan''' Mirò³' was a man, which can surprise British students of art who on coming across the name for the first time, assume that it means a woman.
  
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[[category:European culture]]

Latest revision as of 10:30, 30 June 2018

There are two forenames written Joan . Both are derived, in different ways, from John.

  • The English forename Joan is a female forename. It is pronounced as it looks, to a native speaker of English, as if it ends with the word 'own': 'jone', IPA: /dʒəʊn/. Joan is a woman's equivalent of John, from which it is derived. Its earlier form was Johanna,formed from Latin Johannus + the feminine ending -a; by a not unusual process of elision, this became Joanna, and eventually Joan. Jane and the Scots Jean are both forms of this. Many famous women in the medieval British Isles were called Joan, such as Joan of Kent, the Black Prince's wife, and two Scottish queens: Joan Beaufort (d. 1445), consort of James I and Joan 'of the Tower' (1321-1362), consort of David II. Saint Joan famously was Joan of Arc, or, in French, Jeanne d'Arc, the nationalist warrior peasant. There is a persistent legend, untrue, about a Pope Joan.
    • Other female forms of the name John include Jane, Johanna and Joanna; two that are more characteristically Scots, Janet and Jean; and the French equivalent Jeanne. The Scots Gaelic Sìne is spelled in English as it sounds, Sheena, which should not be confused with Sheila. The Irish spelling is Séadna.
  • The Catalan forename Joan is pronounced with a soft 'j-', like that in 'rouge', and a second vowel more like that in the Spanish Juan (with which it is cognate) than any English '-o-', other than diphthongs like 'soup', and the stress on the '-a-': 'zhoo-AN' (IPA: /ʒʊ ˈan/). The famous Catalan painter Mirò³ is fully 'Joan Mirò³' was a man, which can surprise British students of art who on coming across the name for the first time, assume that it means a woman.