Welcome to AWE — a reference source for the details of Academic Writing in British English. AWE aims to give helpful advice, rather than to be prescriptive - it does not tell you what to do. It is not a dictionary or an encyclopedia. It is meant for students in Higher Education in the UK, including non-native speakers.
This AWE is entirely separate from the AWE app produced by the Survey of English Usage at UCL, which aims to teach learners in a structured way how to write formally in English. This may be accessed at http://www.ucl.ac.uk/english-usage/apps/awe/.
In 2014, AWE moved to its current site from its previous berth at the University of Hull.
As part of the move, we have updated the mediawiki software (with only partial success) on which it operates.
As a result, SOME CHARACTERS DO NOT DISPLAY AS INTENDED.
Please be patient. The difficulty is mostly with IPA characters, and some punctuation marks.
We are struggling to solve it.
TO COMMENT ON ANY ARTICLE IN AWE:, or to contact us,
Send an e-mail to
[The 'talk' tabs at the top of pages - the previous system - have been attacked by spam, and weren't much used. So that system IS CURRENTLY SUSPENDED. [It may be worth trying the old system: some 'talk' pages are still open for comment. To do so: Click on the talk tab at the top of a page you want to comment on - and write your thoughts, ideas, comments or criticisms in the blank page that opens. It will help us if you give your name and e-address.]