Sykes-Picot Agreement

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In 2016, as defeat loomed for the Ottoman Empire, the diplomats Sir Mark Sykes (1879-1919) (UK) and François Marie Denis Georges-Picot (1870–1951) (France) drafted an agreement between their governments of how to dispose of the Ottoman Empire

gave to Britain control of what is today southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, and an additional small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre to allow access to the Mediterranean.[5][6][7] France got control of southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.[