Difference between revisions of "T. E. Lawrence"

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'''T. E. Lawrence''', as Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888–1935) is usually known, is perhaps most famous as '''Lawrence of Arabia''', the British liaison officer with the Arab Revolt in the Arabian peninsula against the [[Ottoman]] Empire during the First World War. He became famous as Colonel Lawrence (a rank he was awarded in 1918), mostly through the shows of Lowell Thomas, an American publicist and war correspondent.  
 
'''T. E. Lawrence''', as Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888–1935) is usually known, is perhaps most famous as '''Lawrence of Arabia''', the British liaison officer with the Arab Revolt in the Arabian peninsula against the [[Ottoman]] Empire during the First World War. He became famous as Colonel Lawrence (a rank he was awarded in 1918), mostly through the shows of Lowell Thomas, an American publicist and war correspondent.  
  
The young Lawrence had developed a keen interest in antiquities and archaeology. He took a first class degree at Oxford in 1909 in History, submitting a thesis "The Influence of the Crusades on European Military Architecture — to the End of the 12th Century", later published as ''Crusader Castles'' (1936), following  a 3-month tour of Lebanon and Syria, having previously studied medieval castles in France as well as England. After graduation, Lawrence worked with D.G.Hogarth and Leonard Woolley in the excavation at Carchemish (northern Syria, near Aleppo). In 1914, war broke out, and Lawrence (and Hogarth, his mentor) were posted to the Arab Bureau in Military Intelligence in Cairo. They had previously, as civilian archaeologists, covertly mapped the Negev Desert on behalf of the British Artmy, as the Ottoman Empire might attack Egypt through the Negev. In 1916, he joined the Arab Revolt against the Turks as liaison officer. A convinced Arabophile, he endeavoured always to support self-determination in the post-war settlenent plans, and linked this to a distrust of Fench plans for Syria and Lebanon. (See the [[Sykes-Picot Agreement]].) His great achievement originally was to capture the Red Sea port of Aqaba (1917) after an inland desert journey from the Empty Quarter, which took the Ottoman garrison completely by surprise. This won the confidence of General Allenby, C-in-C Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He tied down Ottoman forces by repeated Guerrilla raids on the Damascus-Mecca railway, and various outposts etc in Jordan.  
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The young Lawrence had developed a keen interest in antiquities and archaeology. He took a first class degree at Oxford in 1909 in History, submitting a thesis "The Influence of the Crusades on European Military Architecture — to the End of the 12th Century", later published as ''Crusader Castles'' (1936), following  a 3-month tour of Lebanon and Syria, having previously studied medieval castles in France as well as England. After graduation, Lawrence worked with D.G.Hogarth and Leonard Woolley in the excavation at Carchemish (northern Syria, near Aleppo). In 1914, war broke out, and Lawrence (and Hogarth, his mentor) were posted to the Arab Bureau in Military Intelligence in Cairo. They had previously, as civilian archaeologists, covertly mapped the Negev Desert on behalf of the British Artmy, as the Ottoman Empire might attack Egypt through the Negev. In 1916, he joined the Arab Revolt against the Turks as liaison officer. A convinced Arabophile, he endeavoured always to support self-determination in the post-war settlenent plans, and linked this to a distrust of Fench plans for Syria and Lebanon. (See the [[Sykes-Picot Agreement]].) His great achievement originally was to capture the Red Sea port of Aqaba (1917) after an inland desert journey from the Empty Quarter, which took the Ottoman garrison completely by surprise. This won the confidence of General Allenby, C-in-C Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He tied down Ottoman forces by repeated Guerrilla raids on the Damascus-Mecca railway, and various outposts etc in Jordan, and eventually accompanied the Arab 'liberation' of Damascus (1916); the city had actually been occupied by Australian cavalry. This led to what Lawrence always felt was a profound betrayal of the Arab cause,the partition of the lands of the defeated Ottoman Empire between France and Britain under the [[Sykes-Picot Agreement]].
  
''Seven Pillars of Wisdom''
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to Britain control of what is today southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, and an additional small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre to allow access to the Mediterranean.[5][6][7] France got control of southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.
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''Seven Pillars of Wisdom''
  
 
''Revolt in the Desert''
 
''Revolt in the Desert''

Latest revision as of 21:37, 11 September 2019

T. E. Lawrence, as Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888–1935) is usually known, is perhaps most famous as Lawrence of Arabia, the British liaison officer with the Arab Revolt in the Arabian peninsula against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. He became famous as Colonel Lawrence (a rank he was awarded in 1918), mostly through the shows of Lowell Thomas, an American publicist and war correspondent.

The young Lawrence had developed a keen interest in antiquities and archaeology. He took a first class degree at Oxford in 1909 in History, submitting a thesis "The Influence of the Crusades on European Military Architecture — to the End of the 12th Century", later published as Crusader Castles (1936), following a 3-month tour of Lebanon and Syria, having previously studied medieval castles in France as well as England. After graduation, Lawrence worked with D.G.Hogarth and Leonard Woolley in the excavation at Carchemish (northern Syria, near Aleppo). In 1914, war broke out, and Lawrence (and Hogarth, his mentor) were posted to the Arab Bureau in Military Intelligence in Cairo. They had previously, as civilian archaeologists, covertly mapped the Negev Desert on behalf of the British Artmy, as the Ottoman Empire might attack Egypt through the Negev. In 1916, he joined the Arab Revolt against the Turks as liaison officer. A convinced Arabophile, he endeavoured always to support self-determination in the post-war settlenent plans, and linked this to a distrust of Fench plans for Syria and Lebanon. (See the Sykes-Picot Agreement.) His great achievement originally was to capture the Red Sea port of Aqaba (1917) after an inland desert journey from the Empty Quarter, which took the Ottoman garrison completely by surprise. This won the confidence of General Allenby, C-in-C Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He tied down Ottoman forces by repeated Guerrilla raids on the Damascus-Mecca railway, and various outposts etc in Jordan, and eventually accompanied the Arab 'liberation' of Damascus (1916); the city had actually been occupied by Australian cavalry. This led to what Lawrence always felt was a profound betrayal of the Arab cause,the partition of the lands of the defeated Ottoman Empire between France and Britain under the Sykes-Picot Agreement.

to Britain control of what is today southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, and an additional small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre to allow access to the Mediterranean.[5][6][7] France got control of southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.

Seven Pillars of Wisdom

Revolt in the Desert


Terence Rattigan's controversial play Ross (`960)

The Mint

  • Lawrence of Arabia 1962 film; 7 Oscars; David Lean, Peter O'Toole, Alec Guiness, Omar Sharif etc