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Accidence is the branch of the study of grammar that deals with inflections - the changes in the forms of words in some systematic way, to respond to their functions in a phrase or sentence.

In English, these are mostly the forms of verbs, personal pronouns and the plurals of nouns, for example the regular addition of -s to nouns to make them plural, and to verbs in the 3rd person singular of the present tense. Many European languages have many more inflections than these (as many as fifteen tenses of a verb to learn, each with six persons), but they are largely at the end of words as in English.

(For a note on pronunciation, see accidence - accident - accidents.)