Almond

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The noun almond, the name of a tree (Prunus amygdalus or dulcis) and its nut-like fruit, presents problems with pronunciation. In RP, as in older GA, the '-l-' is silent, like that in salmon. In traditional RP, the first vowel is the 'long' '-a-' like that in 'car' (IPA: /ɑː/), but variants with realizations further forward, like the '-a-' in 'all' (/ɔː/) or even that in 'cat' (/æ/) are recognized in LPD. To realize the '-l-' in almond is a spelling pronunciation, and may be frowned upon in some academic contexts.

Etymological note: the Normans brought almond with them, where the modern French amande had earlier forms amende, almende and alemande. The root appears to be the late Latin amandula or amandola (amygdala in classical Latin; the Old English name for the tree and fruit was amygdal. The amygdala is still a structure in the brain, and the adjective amigdaloid means'almond-shaped'). The Latin was preceded by the Greek άμυγδάλη, 'amygdālē'. OED (2020) suggests that "forms with initial al- in French (and hence in English) perhaps ultimately reflect contamination from the final syllable of the Latin word"; Wikipedia suggests that the initial 'al-' "may be due a confusion with the Arabic article al". Spain, with its past Islamic history, calls an almond almendra. The Italian is mandorla.
Mandorla (in English, pronounced with the stress on the first syllable, 'MAN doorler, IPA: /ˈmæn dɔːr lə/, or, in a common variant, the second 'man-DOOrler, /mæn ˈdɔːr lə/) is also used for 'an almond-[or lens]-shaped frame in painting to contain the image of a holy figure's body'. This may most commonly be seen as containing a depiction of Christ in Majesty, the Virgin and Child, or the Resurrection.
    • There are two rivers called Almond in Scotland. (The name is an anglicized version of Amain, a Gaelic word for 'river'. As with the botanical almond, the '-l-' is silent, in both.)
      • The Lothian River Almond rises in Lanarkshire near Shotts, and then runs through West Lothian, traversing Livingstone, before entering Edinburgh and discharging into the Firth of Forth at Cramond, which is a Cumbric name meaning 'fort on the [river] Almond'.
      • The River Almond in Perth and Kinross rises near Loch Lednock and flows largely eastward until discharging into the River Tay near Scone and Perth. On the way, it forms the narrow valley of Glen Almond (Gleann Amain), which has given its name to the public school Glenalmond, formerly Trinity College Glenalmond.