Languor - langur

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'Languor and langur are homophones. Don't confuse them by a simple typing error. Both are pronounced with two syllables, the first stressed and the vowel of the second reduced to schwa, 'LANG-er'IPA: /ˈlæŋ gər/.

  • Languor is a state of mind or of body. Nowadays it indicates principally a (not necessarily unpleasant) state of relaxation, of not having much energy, of not bring proactive.
    • Langour is derived from the post-classical Latin languire, a mutation from the classical languēre, which also gives the adjectives (and virtually perfect synonyms) languid and languorous, and the verb 'to languish'. 'Languid' and 'languish may help you remember the correct spelling of 'languor', 'languorous' and 'languorously'.
      • It first meant in Latin 'faintness', 'weariness', ';feebleness'; in English its first meaning was 'pining', 'sorrow', 'grief'. Then it came to mean 'disease', 'sickness' or 'feebleness'. This came to be more specifically 'love-sickness', (One of OED's (2008) definitions of 'lovesick' is "languishing for or with love".) Its predominant meaning currently is "Weariness of body, mind, or faculties; tiredness, fatigue; torpor, lethargy"; and particularly "drowsiness or inactivity, esp. when pleasurable [sometimes with connotations of sexual awareness] relaxation" (from OED 2008).
  • Langur, a Hindi word, is a general name for the monkeys to be found in India. More precisely, it is the common English name for the genus Semnopithecus, which contains - although the taxonomy is not fully agreed - seven species: S. ajax, S. dussumieri, S. entellus, S. hector, S. hypoleucos, S. priam and S. schistaceus. S. entellus, the grey langur or Hanuman langur, was formerly believed to be the single species of which the others were sub-species, and is the most numerous and best known. (They are the bandar-log of Kipling's The Jungle Book.)