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The verb 'to chastise' is one of those verbs ending in the sound 'EYES' (IPA: /aɪz/) for which, despite the advice in -ise - -ize, the spelling with -ise "is compulsory" (Burchfield's Fowler). Its general meaning is 'to punish', and particularly 'to inflict corporal punishment on'.

In the Old Testament of the Bible, when Rehoboam, the new king and successsor to Solomon, wishes to impose himself brutally on the kingdom of Israel, he says "[11] For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions" (II Chronicles, ch. x, v. 11).