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Erato (from Greek Ἐρατώ, (erato) '[the] beloved [one]', 'desirable' or 'lovable') is, in Greek mythology, one of 'the sacred nine', the Nine Muses. She is the Muse of lyric and erotic poetry. Her name is pronounced 'AIR-a-toe', IPA: /ˈeɪr ə təʊ/, or 'err-AH-toe, IPA: /ɛr ˈɑː təʊ/.

Her name was given to several other women in Greek myths, and in modern times has been used:

  • in astronomy for an asteroid;
  • in biology, for two genera,
    • one of flowering plants found in South America
    • one of molluscs, marine snails.