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Hecate (pronounced as three syllables. 'HECK-er-ty' IPA: /ˈhɛk ə tɪ/, or in Shakespeare's Early Modern English with two syllables, 'HECK-ut', /ˈhɛk ət/) was an ancient Greek goddess with a role, originally, in governing the earth, the sea and the sky. She is shown as having three faces. She is associated with road junctions, doorways, openings and thresholds. She attends Persephone, and becomes associated with the underworld, hence with ghosts, witches and sinister things. In Shakespeare's Macbeth, she rules the witches. (See further Shakespeare's Macbeth.)