Langue d'oc

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The langue d'oc (sometimes written as one word in English, Languedoc) was an important literary language in the Middle Ages. It survives as Occitan, or Provencal, the 'language of Provence' in southern France. This is traditionally written with a cedilla as Provençal

Langue d'oc is a member of the Romance family of languages. The words mean 'the language of oc (i.e. the language where oc [is the word for 'yes'])'. At the time of its greatest extent, langue d'oc was opposed to langue d'oil, the language of Northern France - the language of oil [as the word for 'yes']. (Oil is now written oui, and is the standard word for 'yes' in modern French.)