Lewis and Short

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This is a bibliography page, concerning a work to which reference is made elsewhere in this guide.

Lewis, Charlton Thomas and Short, Charles, LL.D., (1879) A Latin Dictionary: founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin Dictionary. Revised, enlarged and in great part rewritten by C. T. Lewis and Charles Short (pp. xiv. 2019) Oxford, Clarendon Press.

This was the authoritative reference book for the study of Latin for a century from its first publication - hence it was known to all who could claim to be educated, even if they would not all have used it. (The equivalent for the study of classical Greek was Liddell and Scott.) What is essentially the first edition of 1879 remains in print. It last appeared in 1963, and is still (19th March 2008) listed as available in the OUP catalogue. Although it is still often used, its scholarship has partly been replaced by a new dictionary edited from the original texts:

Glare, P.G.W. (ed) (1982) Oxford Latin Dictionary, (2160 pp), Oxford, OUP

Glare's dictionary is more modern in its scholarship, but restricts its sources to those written before 200 CE, with a few exceptions. Lewis and Short is more complete on later Latin. For post-classical Latin, Baxter and Johnson, though not a full dictionary, may be of considerable use.