Vale of Tempe

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In classical Greek mythology, the Vale of Tempe was seen as the most idyllic of landscapes. It is pronounced 'TEMP-i', IPA: /ˈtɛmp e (or ɪ)/. Tempe was the home of the Muses, and sacred to Apollo. As it was near Mount Olympus, it was seen as a place where the gods could relax and disport themselves: in this sense, it came to stand for the more earthy pleasures rather than the more rarefied pursuits of the Gods at home. In literature generally, from the ancient Greeks to the twentieth century and beyond, it may be used as an allusive reference, like Arcadia, for a pastoral ideal.

Tempe is a narrow ravine which forms a pass between southern Olympus and northern Ossa, in north-eastern Thessaly in north-eastern Greece. It has long been of strategic importance, being selected as the first site at which the Athenians and Spartans proposed to stop Xerxes' invasion in 480 BCE, before they withdrew, leading to their victory at Salamis. (It was later the scene of a fighting retreat in the Second World War, in 1941: the Battle of Tempe Gorge.)
The name of the Vale is written in classical Greek Τέμπη, and in modern Greek Τέμπε