In the study of grammar, the indicative is the most basic of the moods of the verb. It is the form of the verb which is used to make statements - to assert a fact about the world that we are describing: "I am feeling well", "the Earth is round", "Hull City will play Manchester United this Saturday" and so on. The vast majority of sentences in AWE, as in most academic writing, are indicative sentences, with indicative verbs - those in the indicative mood.
Indicative sentences are also called statements. Modern grammarians also use the term declarative to label the mood traditionally known as the indicative.
- Indicative is an adjective derived from the verb 'to indicate'. meaning 'to point' (with the index finger, Latin cum indice) or 'to point out', 'show', or 'to make known'. Indicative is commonly used by health professionals of symptoms which suggest a particular disorder: "Buboes [swellings in the armpit and groin] are indicative of [bubonic] plague." The presence of some symptoms is then said to indicate a particular course of treatment: "in the treatment of cholera, constant supply of water and electrolytes is indicated."
- Indicative is best pronounced with the stress on the second syllable, and an indeterminate vowel, the schwa, in the third: 'in-DICK-er-tive' IPA: /ɪn 'dɪk ət ɪv/. LPD says that the American preference is to stress the third syllable, giving its vowel the sound of 'make' and 'saame': 'in-dick-AY-tive' IPA: /eɪ/; OED says that this pronunciation is more common in the medical sense, adding that it is first recorded in 1836.